Gardens of Empire: Imperial Practices and the Construction of a New Imperial Space
pdf (Русский)

Abstract views: 91
PDF Downloads: 69


Imperial Practices
Peter the Great
Apothecary Garden
Botanical Garden
Frontier Cases

How to Cite

1. Yakushenkov S., Meshcheryakov A. Gardens of Empire: Imperial Practices and the Construction of a New Imperial Space // Journal of Frontier Studies. 2022. № 1 (7). C. 131-170.


The Empire, as one of the political forms of state systems, existed at all times and on all continents. Its main feature has been the unification of numerous ethnic groups with different cultural, political and economic characteristics under a Center. Usually this unification led to the establishment of domination over the subjugated peoples with the help of imperial practices. One of these is the botanical garden.

The imperial garden idea expressed many concepts of Empire: ideological, political, cultural, educational, etc. This institution was primarily intended to underline the Empire greatness through metaphors of center, paradise, prosperity, unity of different parties, etc. This was evident in the Modern history Empires, which arose because of the West's special interest in plant resources or their accompanying commodities: spices, sugar, silk, cotton, and others. The imperial garden in this time was designed to serve the Metropolis interests and at the same time for the colony development, which was carried out in accordance with the Center interests.

The formation of this institution in Russia took place simultaneously in the Center and on the Frontier. The Astrakhan case shows well how this institution was formed in the region in the 18th century according to national trends. While some regions made progress during this period, the Center exhibited the opposite trend. After the breakthrough in the Petrine era, the development of this institution was not in line with the Empire objectives. In the 19th century, a tendency to realize the importance of this institution appeared again.
pdf (Русский)


Bagotsky, S. V. (2015). G. A. Demidov: Russian Millionaire and Botanist. Bulletin of the Moscow Society of Nature Explorers. Department of Biology, 120(5), 85-87. (In Russian)

Ballas, M. (1895). Winemaking in Russia. Historical and statistical sketch. Part 1. (Typography of V. Kirshbaum). (In Russian)

Berezkin, Y. E. (1991). The Incas: Historical Experience of the Empire. (Science). (In Russian)

Chernov, N. N. (2010). Botanical hobbies of the Ural plant breeders Demidovs. Geographic Bulletin, 3, 77-79. (In Russian)

Chernov, N. N. (2011). Botanical gardens of the Ural factory owners Demidovs. Forests of Russia and the Economy in Them, 3 (40), 62-66. (In Russian)

Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire. Sobranie Pervoye. 1649-1825: Vols. IV,VI (II Departments of His Imperial Majesty's Own Chancery). (In Russian)

Fisher-von-Waldheim, A. A. (1913). The Imperial S.-Petersburg Botanical Garden for 200 years of its existence (1713-1913). Vol. 1, (Herold). (In Russian)

GAAO, F. 394. Op. 1. Dop. D. 199.

GAAO. F. 1. Op. 3. D. 686.

GAAO. F. 1. Op. 6 т. 1. D. 146.

GAAO. F. 13. Op. 1. D. 1879.

GAAO. F. 521.Op. 3. D. 21.

GAAO. F. 394. Op. 1. D. 5101.

GAAO. F. 394. Op. 1. Dop. D. 62.

GAAO. F. 521. Op. 1. D. 1.

GAAO. F. 521. Op. 1. D. 231.

GAAO. F. 521. Op. 1. D. 259.

GAAO. F. 521. Op. 1. D. 26.

GAAO. F. 521. Op. 1. D. 293.

GAAO. F. 521. Op. 1. D. 3.

GAAO. F. 521. Op. 1. D. 32.

Gasanov, M. R. (2017). To the question about the relations of Dagestan with Astrakhan in the 17th – first third of the 18th century. Nauchnaya Mysl Kavkaza, 2, 52-63. (In Russian)

Gerasimov, I., Mogilner, M., & Semenov, A. (2011). The Invention of Empire: Languages and Practices. (New Publishers). (In Russian)

Guerrier, W. I. (1871). Leibniz and His Age: Leibniz's Relations to Russia and Peter the Great by Leibniz's Unpublished Papers in the Hanoverian Library (Vol. 2). Printed by V.I. Golovin. (In Russian)

Inca Garcilaso, de la V. (1974). History of the Inca State (Nauka). (In Russian)

Lopatin, V. S. (1997). Catherine II and G. A. Potemkin. Personal correspondence 1769-1791 ( Nauka). (In Russian)

Magomedov, N. A., & Magaramov, Sh. A. (2014). Indian merchants in the development of trade contacts between Derbent and Astrakhan in the 17th century. Gramota, 8-2, 105-108. (In Russian)

Novlyanskaya, M. G. (1970). Daniel Gottlieb Messerschmidt (Nauka). (In Russian)

Olearius, A. (2003). Description of the journey to Moskovia (Rusich). (In Russian)

Ollivier, J. (2008). The French Winemaker in Catherine the Great's Russia (Letters of J. Bank to Prince G.A. Potemkin). Russia and France in XVIII-XX centuries. A Collection of Articles, 8, 46-63. (In Russian)

Pirogova, E. P. (2019). Ural plant breeders and scientific research in the 18th century. Bulletin of the St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture, 3 (40), 92-97. (In Russian)

Porshnev, V. P. (2020). Imperial Urban Gardens of Ancient Rome. Vestnik St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture, 1 (42), 69-75. (In Russian)

Potyomin, M. A. (2018). Object of cultural heritage of federal significance "Botanical Garden". Selected historical information on the materials of the passport of the object of cultural heritage. Compliance with legislative requirements in the sphere of protection of objects of cultural heritage. Hortus Botanicus, 13(1). (In Russian)

Rieber, A. (2004). Comparing Continental Empires. In The Russian Empire in Comparative Perspective (New Publishing House, pp. 33-70). (In Russian)

Shtukenberg, I. F. (1858). Statistical Works of Ivan Fedorovich Shtukenberg (Vol. 1). (In Russian)

Sima Qian. (2003). Historical Notes (R. Vyatkin, ed.; Vostochnach literatury, Vol. 2). (In Russian)

Sokolov, B. M. (Ed.). (2020). Gardens and Parks in Russia: Experience, Problems, Prospects. From the history of Tsaritsynsky Park. Litres. (In Russian)

Soviet Historical Encyclopedia (1964) (State Scientific Publishing House "Soviet Encyclopedia," Vol. 5). (In Russian)

Trajansky, E. V. (1905). The Imperial S.-Petersburg Botanical Garden (P.P. Soikin Publishers). (In Russian)

Tsitsilin, A. N. (2021). Assortment of medicinal plants in the Apothecary Gardens of Moscow in the 17th century. Biosphere, 1-2, 15-20. (In Russian)

Yakushenkov S. N. & Palatkin V. V. (2020). We will Feed Our and a New World: Several Cases of Food Ways of Frontier Regions. Part I. Journal of Frontier Studies, 5(4), 237-258. (In Russian)

Yakushenkov S. N. & Yakushenkova O. S. (2021). The Zombie as a Mirror of Modern Mass Culture. Corpus Mundi, 2(4), 15–39. (In Russian)

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.