The author describes an ethnic Chukchi village of Meynypilgyno, located on the border of the Chukchi and Kamchatka Peninsulas. In recent decades, the ethno-linguistic picture of this village has significantly deteriorated: there are no speakers of the Kerek language left. According to the 2010 census, there was one person in Meynypilgyno who considered himself a Kerek. Over 90% of the villagers are Chukchi. The Chukchi language remains the language of communication for the older generation. The newcomers tend not to settle in this remote area. So far, the inhabitants have preserved some elements of traditional nomadic reindeer breeding and sedentary coastal cultures: they hold annual holidays, such as Kilway, the day of reindeer birth, and Vylgyk'oranmat, the day of fine-wool reindeer slaughter, continue to perform some rites and rituals, such as the burning of the dead, as well as go fishing and hunting for small pinnipeds.
The work provides a description of the phenomena occurring in the life of the village: its rapid renovation of the infrastructure, including the construction of a new school, new houses and a modern floating fish processing plant; its changes in everyday life; the formation of new lifestyles, including the “revival” of marine mammal hunting and the creation of deer farming; and, finally, its adaptation to the market conditions, including an attempt to create private farms as well as develop trade and services.
Bogoslovskaya, L., Slugin, I., Zagrebin, I. & Krupnik, I. (2007). Fundamentals of the marine fur seal fishery. Heritage Institute. (In Russian).
Buchatskaya, Y. V. (2013). Field ethnography: Reflections on the main method of our discipline. In X Congress of Ethnographers and Anthropologists of Russia. Moscow, July 2–5, 2013. Theses of reports (p. 204). Institute of Ethnology, Russian Academy of Sciences. (In Russian).
Chukotka in the Past and Present (Vol. 11). (2009). Heritage of the Peoples of the Russian Federation series. (In Russian).
Chukotka: Natural and Economic Sketch. (1995). Art-Litex. (In Russian).
Coravier, I. N. (2021). History of my settlement. Meynypilgyno (manuscript). (In Russian).
Gupta, A. & Ferguson, D. (2013). Discipline and practice: the “field” as place, method, and locality in anthropology. Ethnographic Review, 6, 3–44. (In Russian).
Ivke, I. (1994). With the stroke of a pen. Far North, 13–14, 2. (In Russian).
Kereki. (2005). http://raipon-b.nichost.ru/peoples/kereks/kereks.php (In Russian).
Kharitonova, V. I. (2010). Work with Sacral Knowledge and Practices: Methodological Aspect. Ethnographic Review, 3, 7–21. (In Russian).
Kolomiets, O. P. (2017). Expedition to Meynypilgyno, or my first Chukchi field. In The Field as Life: On the 60th Anniversary of the Northern Expedition of the IEA RAS (pp. 130–139). Nestor-History Moscow. St. Petersburg. (In Russian).
Kytgaut-Tynetegina, E. I. (2016). Folklore of the Beringovsky District. Lem Publishers. (In Russian).
Leontiev, V. V. (1976). On the Land of the Ancient Kereks. Notes of an Ethnographer. Magadan Book Publishers. (In Russian).
Main results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census (in 11 volumes) (Vol. 11). (2012). Chukotstat. (In Russian).
Materials of V. N. Nuvano on reindeer herding in Chukotka AO in the Soviet period and after reorganization (manuscript). (n. d.). (In Russian).
Nikolaeva, M. (2020, May 22). Viley is ready to take on salmon. Far North. http://ks87.ru/20/28/11436.html (In Russian).
Noskov, A. (2011). In the land where the Bering Sea. Series “History of the Chukotka Autonomous District”. Moscow. (In Russian).
Omruvier, I. (2016). A reindeer farmer will receive a grant. Far North, 23, 7. (In Russian).
Pantin, O. A. (1983). Results of work of reindeer breeding state farms of the Magadan Region in 1983. Magadan reindeer herder, 36, 9–10. (In Russian).
Population of Chukotka Autonomous District: Population, major cities 30.03.2021. (n. d.). http://www.statdata.ru/naselenie/chukotskogo-ao (In Russian).
Population of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug by municipalities as of January 1, 2019. (n. d.). https://habstat.gks.ru/folder/66945 (In Russian).
Population of the Chukotka Autonomous District from 1990 to 2010 (from personal archive) (n. d.). (In Russian).
Shaglanova, O. A. (2010). Dialogue of “ours” and “the others” in the ethnographic field. Ethnographic Review, 3, 21–31. (In Russian).
Simchenko, Y. B. & Lebedev, V. V. (1985). Mixed marriages among southern and eastern Chukchi. In Ethnocultural Processes among the Peoples of Siberia and the North: Collection of Articles (pp. 158–175). Nauka. (In Russian).
Terekhina, A. N. (2016). The Russian Arctic: Indigenous Peoples and Industrial Development (V. A. Tishkov, O. P. Kolomiets, E. P. Martynova, N. I. Novikova, & E. A. Pivneva, Eds.). Nestor-History. (In Russian).
The author's field materials collected in the village of Meynypilgyno, Anadyr District, ChAD, collected in 2003–2021. (n. d.). (In Russian).
The rural settlement of Meynypilgyno. (n. d.). https://anadyr-mr.ru/region/inform/meinipilgino.php (In Russian).
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.