Пределы религиозной принадлежности: крещёные татары и пересмотр "отступничества", 1840-1905 гг.
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Ключевые слова

отступничество; православие; крещёные татары; вера; религиозная идентичность; податели петиций; религиозное право

Как цитировать

Werth, P. (2019). Пределы религиозной принадлежности: крещёные татары и пересмотр "отступничества", 1840-1905 гг. Журнал Фронтирных Исследований, (3), 83-122. https://doi.org/10.24411/2500-0225-2019-10020

Аннотация

Предметом данного исследования является концепция «отступничества», которая, по мнению автора, представляла собой мощный риторический, правовой и административный инструмент для православной церкви и имперского российского государства в обеспечении целостности на границах православной империи и слабо интегрированной иноэтнической периферии. Автор рассматривает трансформацию данного понятия на примере крещёных татар. В контексте этого анализа, была раскрыта суть процесса, через который религиозные самоопределения подданных империи дополняли и определяли традиционный акцент в бюрократической установке по вопросам установления конфессиональной идентичности. Данная статья акцентирует внимание на широких противоречиях между восходящей идентичностью, которую навязывала государственная власть, и самоопределением, отражавшим субъективные взгляды, стремления и убеждения.

Автор приходит к выводу, что имперские власти чувствовали необходимость принять социальную действительность, которая противоречила официальным указаниям, и признать тот факт, что религиозные убеждения представляют собой один из компонентов конфессиональной идентичности. Но данный процесс зачастую встречал сопротивление в лице многих чиновников, придерживавшихся консервативных взглядов, в которых конфессиональный статус рассматривался в качестве вопроса общинной принадлежности, а не в качестве личного убеждения.

В заключении автор отмечает, что напряженность и противоречия, характерные для этого незавершенного переходного периода, по-прежнему были зафиксированы в новых «либеральных» законах, принятых в 1905 году. Чиновники империи в большинстве своём не были способны принять мысль о том, что индивидуальная независимость должна стать основой общественной жизни.

https://doi.org/10.24411/2500-0225-2019-10020
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