The article analyzes the problem of the specifics of the quality of life and value orientations of residents of the border Kalevala district of the Republic of Karelia. The retrospective aspect of the study is due to the tragic history of the separation of one people (northern Karelians) in the territory of two neighboring states (Finland and Russia) due to political events and decisions of the past. The historically established isolation (geographical and mental) of Kalevalians is also relevant in modern life. Therefore, the main goal of the study was to determine the degree of influence of socio-cultural factors on the quality of life and axiological dominants of local residents. The analysis of the modern sociocultural situation on the territory of the Kalevala National District was carried out during the complex scientific expedition “Kalevala-2021” and during the cameral processing of the results of field work. In the study a comprehensive methodology of humanities was used, as well as authoritative axiological and psychological methods. As a result of the validation axiological study, specific value dominants of Kalevals were identified, different from the “general cultural profile” of Schwartz, which coincided with the results of a psychological study of “existential fulfillment” and the quality of life of respondents. In sum, the authors of the article identified sociocultural factors that determine the axiological preferences and quality of life of Kalevalians in a modern situation aggravated by pandemic conditions. The article is recommended to specialists in philosophy, cultural studies, sociology and history.
Arctic. (2021). Official website of the municipality “Kalevala National District”. https://visitkalevala.ru/arktika (In Russian).
Atlas of the World's Endangered Languages. (2010). UNESCO. http://ru.unesco.kz/unesco-s-atlas-of-the-world-s-languages-in-danger (In Russian).
Binswanger, L. (1999). Being-in-the-World. Wackler. (In Russian).
Binswanger, L. (2014). Existential Analysis. Institute for General Humanitarian Studies. (In Russian).
Chernyakova, I. A. (1998). What E. Lennroth did not tell about... To the history of the region, where the epic songs of the ancient people were preserved and recorded. PetrSU Publishers. (In Russian).
Chernyakova, I. A. (2021a). Karelian Periphery and State Administration: From Provincial House to Provincial Administration. In Transformation and Integration: The Karelian Periphery in the Russian Empire (pp. 108–138). Nauka. (In Russian).
Chernyakova, I. A. (2021b). Karelian borderland in the 17th - 19th centuries. In Transformation and Integration: The Karelian Periphery in the Russian Empire (pp. 305–306). Nauka. (In Russian).
Diakonova, M. V., & Stepanova, S. V. (2016). Cultural Offices in Preservation and Development of Ethnoterritories of the Republic of Karelia. Service & Tourism: Current Challenges, 10(3), 91–98. https://doi.org/10.12737/21106 (In Russian).
Euroregion Karelia Strategy 2021-2027. (2021). Euregiokarelia. https://www.euregiokarelia.com/yhteistyostrategia2021-2027 (In Russian).
Frankl, W. (2000). Fundamentals of Logotherapy. Psychotherapy and Religion. Rech. (In Russian).
General results of migration in the Republic of Karelia. (2020). Official site of KareliaStat. https://krl.gks.ru/storage/mediabank/WBdS9jGa/75161_614310.pdf (In Russian).
Klement'ev, E. I. (2003). History and Settlement of Karelians in the 16th-19th Centuries. In Е. Klementiev & Shlygina (Eds.), Baltic-Finnish peoples of Russia (pp. 172–178). Nauka. (In Russian).
Korpela, Y. (2021). Taiga landscape on the eve of Europeanization: Olonets Karelia by the beginning of the 16th century. In Transformation and Integration: The Karelian Periphery in the Russian Empire (pp. 19–54). Nauka. (In Russian).
Krivtsova, S. V., Langle, A., & Orgler, K. (2009). Existence Scale. (Existenzskala). Existential Analysis, Bulletin, 1, 141–170. (In Russian).
Kryazhkov, V. A. (2018). The State Language of the Republic in the Context of the Karelian Situation: Constitutional and Legal Issues. Government and Law, 5, 52–59. https://doi.org/10.7868/S0132076918050062 (In Russian).
Langle, A. (2008a). Grandiose Solitude: Narcissism from the Perspective of Existential Analytic Anthropology Person. In Person. The Existential Analytic Theory of Personality (pp. 41–78). Genesis. (In Russian).
Langle, A. (2008b). Psychotherapy: Scientific method or spiritual practice? In Person. The Existential Analytic Theory of Personality (pp. 112–153). Genesis. (In Russian).
Law on state support for the Karelian, Vepsian and Finnish languages in the Republic of Karelia of March 19, 2004 (as amended on June 7, 2017). (2004). Codex Consortium. https://docs.cntd.ru/document/919316706 (In Russian).
Lonnrot, E., & Korpela, J. (2021). Kalevala: The Epic of the Finnish People (E. Friberg, Trans.). Penquin Books.
Pöllä, M. (1995). Vienan Karjalan etnisen koostumuksen muutokset 1600-1800-luvulla [Changes in the ethnic composition of Viena Karelia in the 1600-1800s]. Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura. (In Finnish).
Schwartz, Sh., Butenko, T.P., Sedova, D.S., & Lipatova, A.S. (2012). Theory of Basic Personal Values: Validation in Russia. Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, 9(2), 43–70. https://doi.org/10.17323/1813-8918-2012-2-43-70 (In Russian).
Shumsky, V. B., Ukolova, E. M., Osin, E. N., & Lupandina, Y. D. (2016). Measuring Existential Fulfillment: An Original Russian Version of Test of Existential Motivations. Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, 13(4), 763–788. https://doi.org/10.17323/1813-8918-2016-4-763-788 (In Russian).
Statistical data on the location of cultural heritage objects in the Republic of Karelia. (n. d.). Republican Center for State Protection of Cultural Heritage Objects. https://monuments.karelia.ru/ob-ekty-kul-turnogo-nasledija/statisticheskie-svedenija-po-dislokacii-ob-ektov-kul-turnogo-nasledija-respubliki-karelija/ (In Russian).
Suvorova, I. M. (2014). Axiosphere of Culture Being a Synergetic System. Historical and Socio-Educational Thought, 2, 352–355. (In Russian).
Suvorova, I. M. (2020). Specific Axiosphere of thee Residents og the Northern Karelian Border Area. Studia Humanitatis Borealis, 16(3), 45–49. https://doi.org/10.15393/j12.art.2020.3642 (In Russian).
The Karelians of the Russian-Finnish borderland in the 19th-20th centuries. (2012). PetrSU Publishers. (In Russian).
Zhukov, A. Yu. (2017). The 1621 Russian-Swedish Border in Karelia and Its Meaning in the Life of the Karelian People. Nordic and Baltic Studies Review, 2, 13–13. https://doi.org/10.15393/j103.art.2017.761 (In Russian).
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.