Wetlands as a Natural Frontier


Exactly 50 years ago, in February 1971, the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance was signed in the Iranian city of Ramsar. The convention enshrines the obligation to protect the most valuable territories in this respect: sea bays, lakes, river deltas, swamps and their habitats all over the world. The countries agreed to defend water areas included in the international list from negative impacts, and to use wetlands wisely. Today 60 countries participate in the convention, including Russia.

The Soviet Union joined the Ramsar Convention in 1977; Russia officially took over the responsibility for the preservation of the wetlands in the country in 1994; 35 valuable natural sites was included in the Ramsar list; unfortunately, the matter stopped there.

Meanwhile, the wetlands are the objects of the utmost importance playing their incomparable role among all other natural-territorial complexes in preserving the ecosystems of the planet. Swamps and wetlands are so unique that they can rightfully be considered a frontier territory, a border, a meeting place and a collision of different worlds, both in time and space.

pdf (Русский)


Apkin, R. N. (2019). Swamps and wetlands of the Republic of Tatarstan. Kazan: Ikhlas. (In Russian).

Government Register of Specially Protected Natural Areas of the Republic of Tatarstan (2-ое изд.). (2007). Kazan: IDEL-PRESS. (In Russian).

Enikeev, A. (2017). The mystery of the emergence of predatory plants is solved. Retrieved from Lenta.ru website: https://lenta.ru/articles/2017/05/16/plant/ (In Russian).

Kreindlin, M. (2021). The Ramsar International Convention is 50 years old. Retrieved from Greenpeace in Russia website: https://greenpeace.ru/expert-opinions/2021/02/02/ramsarskoj-mezhdunarodnoj-konvencii-50-let/ (In Russian).

Kusova, S. (2018). Miracles in the Swamp. Retrieved from Man Without Borders magazine website: https://www.bez-granic.ru/index.php/2013-08-04-13-26-15/kakustroenmir/1862-chudesa-na-bolote.html (In Russian).

Panov, V. V. (2003). Geo-ecological bases of peatland regeneration (Dissertation Abstracts). TSTU, Moscow. (In Russian).

Sofer, M. (2018). About the marshes with respect and love. Science and Life, (7), 2–12. (In Russian).

Shtepa, V. (2008). КWhat secrets do the swamps hide? Retrieved from Ufolog.ru website: http://www.ufolog.ru/publication/3297/ (In Russian).

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.