In Search of Total Order: Solidifying Borders and a Stable Identity
pdf (Русский)

Keywords

Condencing borders
solidifying borders
stable identity
order
frontier worldviews
identification
the Other
border
boundary
the Stranger

How to Cite

1. Troitskiy S. In Search of Total Order: Solidifying Borders and a Stable Identity // Journal of Frontier Studies. 2021. № 1 (6). C. 196-225.

Abstract

The "frozen" borders as a result of the world order established after the Second World War seemed unshakable in Europe and North America, despite the active redrawing of space in other regions. However, the collapse of the dual system of orders in the 1980s and the subsequent active movement of borderlines led to the desire for creating a basis for their fixation. The political will to "stable" the borders coincided with the electoral expectations of stability and order, in this connection, state entities that are not able to oppose a sufficiently stable economic, cultural, and political boundaries to pressure on the borders from outside, in order to preserve the internal social status quo, are forced to create conditions for the preservation of social order, in fact, sacrificing development. The article attempts to explain the "condencing" ("solidifying") borders through the concept of order, which is realized at the mental level in the conservative essentialist worldview, designated in the text as a stable identity. The result of the research was to explain the relationship between the fixation of boundaries in space, the fading of the processes of economic and political development, and the adoption of the conservative model of identity as the most comfortable as an ideal. This allows us to describe many of the processes taking place in public consciousness, and by the presence of one of the outlined elements we can predict the further development of the other two.

https://doi.org/10.46539/jfs.v6i1.279
pdf (Русский)

References

Abramov, S. V. (2019). Idealization of the Future as a variant of anticipative aberration. Bulletin of Adyghe State University, (1), 53–59. (In Russian).

Akimov, Y. G. (2010). North America and Siberia in the late XVI-mid XVIII century. An essay on the comparative history of colonization. Saint-Petersburg: Publishing house of the Saint-Petersburg University. (In Russian).

Amilhat-Szary, A.-L. (2020). Géopolitique des frontières: Découper la terre, imposer une vision du monde [Geopolitics of borders: dividing the earth, imposing a vision of the world]. Paris: Le Cavalier Bleu. (In French).

Artizov, A. N. (Ed.). (2008). "We will purify Russia for a long time..." Repression against dissidents. The end of 1921 — the beginning of 1923: Documents. Moscow: International Foundation " Democracy»: The mainland. (In Russian).

Bakhtin, M. M. (2002). Problems of Dostoevsky's poetics. In M. M. Bakhtin, Collected works (Vol. 6). Moscow: Russian Dictionaries; Languages of Russian Culture. (In Russian).

Bartlett, R. (2007). The Making of Europe. Conquest, Colonization and Cultural Change 950-1350. Moscow: ROSSPEN. (In Russian).

Bauman, Z. (2005). Individualized Society. Moscow: Logos. (In Russian).

Belova, O. V. (2005). Ethnocultural stereotypes in the Slavic folk Tradition. Moscow: Indrik. (In Russian).

Berman, W. C. (1994). America’s right turn: From Nixon to Bush. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press.

Bialasiewicz, L. (2009). Europe as/at the border: Trieste and the meaning of Europe. Social & Cultural Geography, 10(3), 319–336. doi: 10.1080/14649360902756655

Biller, P. (2003). The measure of multitude: Population in medieval thought. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Billington, R. A. (1958). How the frontier shaped the American character. American Heritage Magazine, 9(3), 4–12.

Billington, R. A. (1973). Frederick Jackson Turner: Historian, scholar, teacher. Ray Allen Billington. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bodin, J. (1955). Six Books of the Commonwealth ... Abridged and translated by M.J. Tooley. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Bojanic, P.(2019). On Natural Borders and Culture Wars (Survival of the Group of Migrants or Refugees) Is Fichte still Our Inspiration? NZ,, 123(1), 97–106. (In Russian).

Bold, C. (2013). The Frontier club popular westerns and cultural power, 1880-1924. New York: Oxford University Press.

Brah, A. (1996). Diaspora, Border, and Transnational Identities. In Cartographies of diaspora contesting identities. London: Routledge.

Bychkov, O. V. (2002). On the problem of "Augustine's Aesthetics": on the limits of interpretation of Medieval texts. In Augustine: pro et contra: antology (pp. 807–821). Saint Petersburg: Publishing House of Russian Christian Humanitarian institute. (In Russian).

Cliff, N. (2011). Holy war: How Vasco da Gama’s epic voyages turned the tide in a centuries-old clash of civilizations. New York: Harper.

Crowley, R. (2005). 1453: The holy war for Constantinople and the clash of Islam and the West. New York: HyperionHyperion.

Deets, S. (2006). Pulling Back from Neo-Medievalism: The Domestic and International Politics of the Hungarian Status Law. Slavic Eurasian Studies, (9), 17–36.

Dullin, S. (2019). Solidifying borders. To the Origins of Soviet Politics. 1920s-1940s. Moscow: New Literary Observer. (In Russian).

Etulain, R. W. (1999). Telling Western stories: From Buffalo Bill to Larry McMurtry. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Ferguson, T., & Rogers, J. (1986). Right turn. The Decline оf the Democrats and the Future of American Politics. New York: Hill and Wang.

Fichte, J. G. (1993). The Closed Commercial State. In J. G. Fichte, Works in 2 volumes. Vol 2. (pp. 225–358). Saint Petersburg: Mifril. (In Russian).

Forrest, A. (1998). French soldiers and the spread of the Revolution in Europe. In Historical sketches of the French Revolution. In memory of V. M. Dalin (On the 95th anniversary of his birth) (pp. 169–177). Moscow: IWH RAS. (In Russian).

Graebner, N. D. (Ed.). (1963). The cold war.: Ideological conflict of power struggle. Boston: Heath and Co.

Gregory of Nyssa (1861). On the Hexameron. A word of protection to Brother Peter. In The Works of the Holy Fathers, in Russian translation, published at the Moscow Theological Academy. Vol. 37. The Works of St. Gregory of Nyssa. Part 1. (pp. 1–75). Moscow: V.Gota’s Printing house. (In Russian).

Heidegger, M. (2020). Building, Dwelling, Thinking (D. A. Kolesnikova, Trans.). Journal of Frontier Studies, 5(1), 157–173. doi: 10.46539/jfs.2020.1.157173 (In Russian).

Heyne, E. (1992). Desert, garden, margin, range: Literature on the American frontier. New York; Toronto; New York: Twayne Publishers ; Maxwell Macmillan Canada ; Maxwell Macmillan International.

Hoy, B. (2021). A line of blood and dirt: Creating the Canada-United States border across indigenous lands. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ilarion of Kiev. (1997). Sermon on Law and Grace by Hilarion of Kiev. In Library of literature of Ancient Russia. Vol. 1: 11-12th centuries (pp. 26–61). Saint Petersburg: Nauka. (In Russian).

Jakovleva L. I. (2018). French Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen of 1789: History of adoption, conditions, lessons. Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 7. Philosophy, (3), 67–84. (In Russian).

James, P. (2015). Despite the Terrors of Typologies. Interventions, 17(2), 174–195. doi: 10.1080/1369801X.2014.993332

Johnson, J. T. (1997). The holy war idea in western and Islamic traditions. Pennsylvania State University Press.

Jones, K. (1989). Right turn: The conservative revolution in education. London: Hutchinson radius.

Jones, R. (2021). White Borders. The History of Race and Immigration in the United States from Chinese Exclusion to the Border Wall. Beacon Press.

Koprivitsa, Ch. D. (2019). The Syndrom of Deep Borderland’s Identitites. Contributions for Understanding of Krajina. Journal of Frontier Studies, (4.2), 257–295. doi: 10.24411/2500-0225-2019-10036 (In Russian).

Krasner, S. D. (2001). Abiding Sovereignty. International Political Science Review, 22(3), 229–251. doi: 10.1177/0192512101223002

Krasnova, I. A. (2018). Florentine society in the second half of the 13-14th centuries: grandees and popolans, "good" merchants and knights. Moscow; Saint Petersburg: Centre of humanitarian initiatives. (In Russian).

Makarov, V. G., & Khristoforov, V. S. (Eds.). (2005). Expulsion instead of execution: The deportation of the intelligentsia in the documents of the Cheka-GPU. 1921—1923. Moscow: Russian way. (In Russian).

Malinov, A. V., & Troitsky, S. A. (2013). Russian philosophy is banned (for the 90th anniversary of the "philosophical passage"). New Literary Observer, (1 (119)), 53–66. (In Russian).

Manevskaya, D. A. (2000). Some questions of the American concept of rights and freedoms of citizens. Genesis and development. Belarusian Journal of International Law and International Relations, (3), 14–18. (In Russian).

Moraña, M. (2021). Liquid borders: Migration as resistance. Routledge.

Mosolkina, T. V. (2017). Social History of England, 14-17th centuries. Moscow; Saint Petersburg: Centre of humanitarian initiatives. (In Russian).

Mühling, C. (2018). Die europäische Debatte über den Religionskrieg (1679-1714). Konfessionelle Memoria und internationale Politik im Zeit-alter Ludwigs XIV [The European Debate on the War of Religion (1679-1714). Confessional Memoria and International Politics in the Age of Louis XIV]. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck&Ruprecht (In German).

Murdoch, D. H. (2001). The American West: The invention of a myth. Reno: University of Nevada Press.

Nelson, A. P. (2015). Still in the saddle: The Hollywood western, 1969-1980. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Phillips, A. (2010). War, Religion and Empire. The Transformation of International Orders. Cambridge University Press.

Rothenberg, G. E. (1988). The Origins, Causes, and Extension of the Wars of the French Revolution and Napoleon. The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 18(4), 771–793. doi: 10.2307/204824

Russell, J. C. (1972). Population in Europe. In C. M. Cipolla, The Fontana economic history of Europe (pp. 25–70). Glasgow: Collins.

Saint Basil the Great. (1972). The second conversation about the man of St. Basil the Great, Archbishop of Caesarea. Journal of the Moscow Patriarchate, 3, 33–40. (In Russian).

Schneid, F. C. (2011). The French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Mainz: Institute of European History. Retrieved from https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:0159-20101025334

Sharova, V. (2016). Right turn in the European politics: Accident or regularity? The Scientific Heritage, 2(5), 38–41.

Simmel, G. (1908). Soziologie: Untersuchungen über die Formen der Vergesellschaftung [Sociology: Studies on the forms of socialization]. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. (In German). Retrieved from http://site.ebrary.com/id/10906592

Slotkin, R. (1973). Regeneration through violence: The mythology of the American frontier, 1600-1860. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press.

Slotkin, R. (1992). Gunfighter nation: The myth of the frontier in twentieth-century America. New York: Atheneum.

Stalin, I. V. (2004). The Letter to L.M. Kaganovich. August 11, 1932. In I. V. Stalin, Works (Vol. 17, pp. 571–573). Tver: Research and publishing company “Severnaya Korona”. (In Russian).

Stoeltje, B. J. (1987). Making the Frontier Myth: Folklore Process in a Modern Nation. Western Folklore, 46(4), 235–253. doi: 10.2307/1499887

Tsygankov, P. A. (2016). Theory of International Relations: External Challenges and Russia's Understanding of Its Own Path. Bulletin of the Volga Region Institute of Management, (6 (57)), 79–85. (In Russian).

Turner, F. J. (2009). The Frontier in American History. Moscow: Publishing House “Ves’ Mir”. (In Russian).

Tynyanov, Y. N. (1977). Dostoevsky and Gogol (Towards a Theory of Parody). In Y. N.Tynyanov, Poetics. History of literature. Cinema (pp. 198–226). Moscow: Nauka. (In Russian).

Ulrich, P., & Troitskiy, S. (2019). The Complexity of «Borders»: Research Agendas, Terminology and Classification. Journal of Frontier Studies, (4.2), 234–256. doi: 10.24411/2500-0225-2019-10035 (In Russian).

Weber, M. (1990). Basic concepts in Sociology. In M. Weber, Selected Works (pp. 602–644). Moscow: Progress. (In Russian).

Weiss, J. T. (2001). The Gender Caste System: Identity, Privacy, and Heteronormativity. Law & Sexuality, 10, 123–186.

Wilson, P. H. (2011). The Thirty Years War: Europe’s tragedy. London: Belknap Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&db=nlabk&AN=2361194

Yakushenkova, O. S. (2012). Woman on the American Frontier. Astrakhan: ASU. (In Russian).

Zendrowski, J. (2003). Borders of Europe—Borders in Europe. The Polish Foreign Affairs Digest, (2 (7)), 39–49.

Zhilin, V. I. (2016). Principle of Party Membership of Philosophy: Deformations and Transformations. Izvestiya Saratovskogo universiteta. New series. Filo-sofia series. Psychology. Pedagogy, 16(1). doi: 10.18500/1819-7671-2016-16-1-65-72 (In Russian).

Zubkova, O. S. (2010). Medical Metaphor and Medical Metaphor — Term in an Individual Lexicon (Experimental Research). Knowledge. Understanding. Skills, (1), 140–145. (In Russian).

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.