Gypsies of the Belarusian Provinces and Land Management Policy at the turn of the 1830s-1840s
pdf (Русский)

Abstract views: 45
PDF Downloads: 28

Keywords

Russian Empire
Belarus
Grodno province
Mogilev province
Gypsies
national politics
Nicholas I
Kiselev P. D.
vagrancy
sedentary lifestyle

How to Cite

1. Shaidurov V. Gypsies of the Belarusian Provinces and Land Management Policy at the turn of the 1830s-1840s // Journal of Frontier Studies. 2021. № 3 (6). C. 94-112.

Abstract

At the turn of the 18th-19th centuries, the tsarist government in Russia faced the Gypsy question in the context of implementation of the society homogenization policy. There were campaigns initiated to fight with Gypsy vagrancyduring the 1770s-1810s, the primary target of which was to modernize the Gypsies of the Russian Empire and turn them into a constant component of rural or urban societies. However, despite the repressive tools included, these measures did not effect the desired result. The purpose of the present paper is to study the relationship between the Belarusian Gypsies and the authorities when it came to acquisition of land and set up of arable farms in the late 1830s-early 1840s as part of implementation of the subsequent campaign to turn the Gypsies of Russia into a settled population. The basis of the research were archival materials from the fund of the Second Department of the Ministry of State Property of the Russian State Historical Archive (St. Petersburg). Studying of various historical sources revealed the features of implementation of the decree of Nicholas I (1839) in the Belarusian provinces. Despite the willingness of the local gypsy camps to adopt the sedentary life, they faced various forms of latent chauvinism at the local level: officials sabotaged orders from St. Petersburg; peasants did not want to accept Gypsies into their societies. The article is intended for specialists in the history of the Roma and the national politics in the Russian Empire.

https://doi.org/10.46539/jfs.v6i3.259
pdf (Русский)

References

Czacki, T. (1810). O Tatarach [AboutTatars]. DziennikWileński [Vilnius Daily]. (In Polish).

Czacki, T. (1835). O Cyganach [About Gypsies]. In Pomnikihistoriiiliteraturypolskiej [Monuments of Polish history and literature] (Vol. 2, pp. 59–86). Kraków. (In Polish).

Czacki, T. (1845). O Cyganach [About Gypsies]. In Dzieła. Zebraneiwydaneprzez Hr. E. Raczyńskiego [Works. Collected and published by Hr. E. Raczyński]: Vol.III. Poznań. (In Polish).

Czacki, T. (1807a). O Żydach [About Jews]. Wilno. (In Polish).

Czacki, T. (1807b). O ŻydachiKaraimach [About Jews and Karaites]. DziennikWileński[Vilnius Daily]. (In Polish).

Shaidurov, V. (2017). On the History of the Roma in the Russian Empire (second half of the 18th – first quarter of the 19th century). BylyeGody, 46(4). doi: 10.13187/bg.2017.4.1207

Shaidurov, V. (2018). Gypsies in the Russian Empire: Theories and practices addressing their situation during the eighteenth and first half of the nineteenth century. Romani Studies, 28(2), 195–217. doi: 10.3828/rs.2018.8

Shaidurov, V., Sinko, G. &Goncharov, Y. (2020). Gypsies in Siberia: Resettlement, Family and Economic Activity between the 18th and first half of the 19th century (Historical Aspect). BylyeGody, 56(2). doi: 10.13187/bg.2020.2.463

Danilovich, I. (1826a). A Historical and Ethnographic Study of the Gypsies. The Northern Archives, 19(1), 64–79 (In Russian).

Danilovich, I. (1826b). A Historical and Ethnographic Study of the Gypsies. The Northern Archives, 19(2), 180–195 (In Russian).

Danilovich, I. (1826c). A Historical and Ethnographic Study of the Gypsies. The Northern Archives, 19(3), 276–290 (In Russian).

Danilovich, I. (1826d). A Historical and Ethnographic Study of the Gypsies. The Northern Archives, 19(4), 384–403 (In Russian).

Danilovich, I. (1826e). A Historical and Ethnographic Study of the Gypsies. The Northern Archives, 20(5), 73–86 (In Russian).

Danilovich, I. (1826f). A Historical and Ethnographic Study of the Gypsies. The Northern Archives, 20(6), 184–208 (In Russian).

Daugyala, Z. I. (1926). Gypsies in Belarus. Our Land, (12), 25–34 (In Belarusian).

Duchyts, L. U. (2003). From the history of the gypsies of Belarus. Belarusian Historical Journal, (3), 45–49 (In Belarusian).

Zakharkevich, S. A. (2006). State policy towards ethnic minorities in Belarus in the 14th – 18th centuries. Bulletin of Vitebsk State University, (1), 3–7 (In Russian).

Zinevich, N. (2009). The Institute of Roma Kings in the Rzeczpospolita. In Historiography and sources on the history of cities and urbanization processes in Belarus (pp. 126–138). Grodno (In Russian).

Kalinin, V. (1994). Gypsies in Belarus. In With a history in the «You» (pp. 330–349). Minsk (In Belarusian).

Karashchanka, I. (1989). Gypsies. In Ethnography of Belarus: Encyclopedia (pp. 522–523). Minsk (In Belarusian).

Karashchanka, I. (2007). Gypsies. InGrand Duchy of Lithuania: Encyclopedia (Vol. 2, pp. 729–730). Minsk (In Belarusian).

Lebedkin, M. (1862). On the tribal composition of the population of the Western Region of the Russian Empire. Bulletin of Southwestern and Western Russia, 2(IV), 1–33 (In Russian).

Navagrodski, T. A.&Zakharkevich, S. A. (2017). Historically formed ethnic minorities of Belarus: The experience of friendly coexistence in a European country. In А. G. Kakhanouski (Ed.), Ethnic minorities in the European Union: Main legal sources. Minsk (In Belarusian).

Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire. Edition II. Vol. 14. № 12104 (1754) (In Russian).

Rittich, A. F. (1864). Atlas of the Population of the Western Russian Territory by Religion. Compiled under the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the Office of the Superintendent of Orthodox Churches in Western Provinces. St. Petersburg (In Russian).

Russian State Historical Archive (RSHA) (1843). F. 384. Inv. 3. C. 165 (In Russian).

Russian State Historical Archive (RSHA) (1849a). F. 384. Inv. 4. C. 524 (In Russian).

Russian State Historical Archive (RSHA) (1849b). F. 384. Inv. 4. C. 530 (In Russian).

Serbau, I. A. (1926). Gypsies. Know your story. Young plowmen, (7), 14 (In Belarusian).

Sosna, U. (1997). An attempt to defile the gypsies of Belarus in the late 18th century –The first half of the 19th century. Lead the International Academy for the Study of National Minorities, (1), 35–36. (In Belarusian).

Gypsies (2018). Moscow: Nauka (In Russian).

Shaydurov, V. N., Novogrodsky, T. A., Sinko, G. I.&Zakharkevich, S. A. (2020). Roma: From Belarus to Siberia (based on documents and materials from the 18th century and the first half of the 19th century). Issues in History, (10–1), 130–142. doi: 10.31166/VoprosyIstorii202010Statyi08 (In Russian).

Shpilevsky, P. M. (1858). Journey through Polesye and the Belarusian region. St. Petersburg (InRussian).

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.