Formation of Modernization Policy of Russian Empire’s Peripheries at the end of the 19th century: Proposals and Projects by Alexey Yermolov
pdf (Русский)

Keywords

Frontier
modernization
Caucasus
Turkestan
the Urals
Siberia
colonization
resettlement
Ministry of Agriculture and State Properties
Alexey Yermolov

How to Cite

1. Zubkov K., Poberezhnikov I., Shumkin G. Formation of Modernization Policy of Russian Empire’s Peripheries at the end of the 19th century: Proposals and Projects by Alexey Yermolov // Journal of Frontier Studies. 2020. № 4 (5). C. 106-126.

Abstract

The paper analyzes the proposals and projects elaborated in 1894-1895 by the Minister of Agriculture and State Properties, Alexey Yermolov, for developing the Caucasus, Central Asia, the Urals, and Siberia. The article aims at disclosing to what extent and in what aspects the general trend to modernizing the country’s economy influenced the policies of settling and developing the imperial outskirt regions, thus submitting them to the logic of “frontier” modernization. The materials surveyed are diverse in content. In the Caucasus, the main attention was paid to the resettlement problems, in Turkestan – those of economic development; and in Siberia both directions of colonization policies were combined. Meanwhile, the general approaches can be revealed in Yermolov’s proposals. This is, first, overcoming the economic isolation of the regions and opening them with laying the transport communications; second, combining the resettlement colonization with the intensification and specialization of economics turning to more rational methods of natural resources development; third, paying emphasis to preparation and organization of the resettlement, optimization of the land use in terms of relations between immigrants and natives; fourth, starting the transition from agricultural development to industrialization of the outskirt regions. A special place among the regions belonged to the Urals, which, due to the long tradition of the mining industry, had lost the frontier features by the end of the 19th century. In the Urals, the tasks coming to the fore were concerned with the structural policy aimed at adapting the region to market.

https://doi.org/10.46539/jfs.v5i4.239
pdf (Русский)

References

Alekseev, V. V. (2017). Frontier modernization in Imperial Russia. Bulletin of the South Ural state University. Ser. "Social and humanitarian Sciences", 17(2), 6-13. Doi: 10.14529/ssh170201 (in Russian).

Alekseev V. V. (Eds.). (1995). History of the Cossacks of Asian Russia, Vol. 2. Yekate-rinburg: NISO Uro RAS (in Russian).

Alevras, N. N. (1996). Agricultural policy of the government in the mining Urals at the beginning of the XX century. Chelyabinsk: Chelyabinsk state University (in Rus-sian).

Baksheev, A. I. (2020). Frontier theory and the migration of peasants to Siberia: a scien-tific interpretation of state policy in the XIX-XX centuries. Proceedings of the laboratory of ancient technologies, 16(2), 130-140. Doi: 10.21285/2415-8739-2020-2-130-140 (in Russian).

Bershadskaya, O. V. (2011). Socio-economic development of rural settlements of the black sea province (district) in the second half of the XIX-first third of the XX centuries. Krasnodar: Ekoinvest (in Russian).

Bobrov, D. S. (2013). Frontier modernization of the management segment of the Altai region in the first half of the XVIII century. In Regional factor of modernization of Russia in the XVIII-XX centuries. (pp. 52-55). Yekaterinburg: Ural publishing and printing center (in Russian).

Brezhneva, S. N. (2016). Russian immigrants in Turkestan: problems of relations with the local population. Scientific Bulletin of the Belgorod state University. History Series. Political science, 1(222), 113-117 (in Russian).

Gilko, M. A. (2013). Influence of the TRANS-Siberian railway on the placement of Handicrafts in the Yenisei province in the late XIX-early XX centuries. Izvestiya altayskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 4-2 (80), 51-55. Doi: 10.14258 / izvasu (2013)4.2-09 (in Russian).

Gurko, V. I. (2000). Features and silhouettes of the past: Government and public in the reign of Nicholas II in the image of a contemporary. Moscow: New literary re-view (in Russian).

Lysenko, Yu. A. & Goncharov, Yu. M. (2017). Bukhara Emirate and Khiva khanate in the foreign policy of the Russian Empire: experience of frontier modernization. Past years, 46(4), 1480-1487. Doi: 10.13187/bg. 2017. 4. 1480 (in Russian).

Olkhovsky, E. R. (2006). Official career as a scientist and poet. In St. Petersburg mosa-ic. (p. 180-204). St. Petersburg: Star of Petersburg (in Russian).

Poberezhnikov, I. V. (2010). Ural in the XVIII-XIX centuries. (example of frontier modernization). In Eighth Tatishchev readings: reports and reports (pp. 308-310). Yekaterinburg: UMC UPI publishing house (in Russian).

Poberezhnikov, I. V. (2011). Asiatic Russia: the frontier, modernization. Izvestiya Uralskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser. 2: Humanities, 4(96), 191-203 (in Russian).

Poberezhnikov, I. V. (2012). Ural in the history of the Russian state: problem statement. Ural historical Bulletin, 2(35), 118-126 (in Russian).

Poberezhnikov, I. V. (2013)Frontier modernization as a Russian civilizational phenom-enon. In Russia is reforming. (Issue 12, pp. 246-274). Moscow: New chrono-graph (in Russian).

Poberezhnikov, I. V. (2018a) Peripheral modernization in the Russian Empire: regional options. In Civilizational challenges in the world-historical perspective. (pp. 283-298). Moscow: Aquilon (in Russian).

Poberezhnikov, I. V. (2018b). Frontier modernization in the East of the Russian Empire; regional variations. Ural historical Bulletin, 4, 72-80. Doi: 10.30759/1728-9718-2018-4(61)-72-80 (in Russian)

Pochekaev, R. Y. (2013). The evolution of taxation in Kazakhstan in the XIX century in the context of frontier modernization. Law: journal of the Higher school of Eco-nomics, 4, 174-190 (in Russian).

Pochekaev, R. Y. (2015). The monarch's will and the governors ' own discretion in relations between the Russian Empire and Kazakhstan in the context of frontier modernization (late XVIII-early XIX centuries). Legal Issues. 2(30), 162-175 (in Russian).

Pochekaev, R. Yu. (2020). Russian factor of legal development in Central Asia: 1717-1917. Legal aspects of frontier modernization. Moscow: HSE Publishing House (in Russian).

PSZ RI II. (1862). Vol. 37. no. 38256 (in Russian).

PSZ RI II. (1866). Vol. 41. No. 43093 (in Russian).

PSZ RI III. (1887). Vol. 7. No. 4521 (in Russian).

PSZ RI III. (1894). Vol. 14. No. 10457 (in Russian).

RGIA. (1895). F. 381. Op. 46. D. 155 (in Russian).

RGIA. (1898). F. 381. Op. 46. D. 153 (in Russian).

RGIA. (1899). F. 381. Op. 46. D. 163 (in Russian).

Sayenko, E. S. (2008). Alexey Sergeyevich Yermolov (1847-1917), was: a scientist and a Minister. Bulletin of Saint Petersburg University. Series 2, 1, 74-81 (in Russian).

Shilovsky, M. V. & Rezun, D. Ya. (2005). Siberia, late XVI-early XX century: the frontier in the context of ethno-social and ethno-cultural processes. Novosibirsk: Sova (in Russian).

Shumkin, G. N. (2007). State-owned mining plants of the Urals in government policy at the turn of the XIX-XX centuries. Ural historical Bulletin, 16. 38-44 (in Rus-sian).

Solovyova, E. I. (1966). Migration of peasants to Siberia in the late XIX-early XX centuries (1893-1905). In From the history of Western Siberia. (Issue 1, pp. 138-167). Kemerovo (in Russian).

Witte, S. Y. (1960). Memories. In 3 vols. Moscow: Sotsekgiz (in Russian).

Zhelezkin, V. G. (1989). State-owned mining plants of the Urals in the economic policy of the tsarist government during the period of pre-monopoly capitalism (1861-1900). In Questions of the economic history of the mining industry of the Urals during the period of capitalism (1861-1917). (p. 3-26). Sverdlovsk: Ural branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences (in Russian).

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.