Influence of the Architecture of Orthodox, Muslim and Lamaist Churches on Each Other in the Territory of the Southern Urals
pdf (Русский)

Keywords

ethnic groups
denominations
churches
mosques
prayer structures
features of the layout of the building
architectural style
decor
architecture traditions
the interconnection of cultural traditions

How to Cite

1. Ponomarenko E. Influence of the Architecture of Orthodox, Muslim and Lamaist Churches on Each Other in the Territory of the Southern Urals // Journal of Frontier Studies. 2020. № 4 (5). C. 152-171.

Abstract

The relevance of the research problem is determined by the ever-increasing interest in the architectural traditions of ethnic and sub-ethnic groups in various regions of Russia, including the Cossacks. The aim of the work is to identify the patterns and features of how the architecture of Cossack Orthodox churches, mosques and Lamaist churches was formed in the Southern Urals. The methodology of the study is based on a comprehensive architectural historical analysis of the construction and design of these structures in the Cossack settlements of the region. The author analyzes a wide range of issues related to the planning, composition and artistic design of Orthodox churches, mosques and Lamaist churches in Cossack settlements of the 18th and early 20th centuries. The article reveals and analyzes an interesting layer of cultural heritage of the region. The work includes the description and analysis of little-known architectural monuments based on the author's field studies of the surviving settlements. The article is written on the basis of an examination of archival data from local and central archives. On the basis of these materials and eyewitnesses' memoirs, the characteristics of the Orthodox, Muslim and Lamaist cult architecture of the region were analyzed. The conclusions of the work will be useful to architects and restorers to work on the modern reconstruction of Cossack settlements.

https://doi.org/10.46539/jfs.v5i4.230
pdf (Русский)

References

Cheremshansky, V.M. (1859). Description of Orenburg province. Ufa: Governor's Printing House. (In Russian)

Chernavsky, N.M. (1993). Materials to the history of Chelyabinsk. Chelyabinsk: Center for Historic and Cultural Heritage in Chelyabinsk. (In Russian)

Dobrohotov, F.P. (1917). Ural North, Middle and South. St. Petersburg: Type. B.A. Suvorina. (In Russian)

Gordeev, A.A. (1991). The history of the Cossacks. T. II. M. (In Russian)

Karr, L. J. (1814). Cossacks or historical details about morals, customs, clothing, weapons; and about the way this people waged war; collected from German. Paris. (In French)

Khalitov, N.H. (1992). Muslim cult architecture Volgo-Kamya from the 9th to the early 20th centuries: Thesis of The Doctor of Architectur. Moscow. (In Russian)

Kozlov, S.A. (1996). The Caucasus is in the fate of the Cossacks. St. Petersburg. (In Russian)

Kryvoshchekov, A.I. (1914. - No. 1). On the Orenburg Border Line: (essays of the past). In Herald of Orenburg school district (pp. 1-24). Orenburg. (In Russian)

Lazarev, A.G. (2001). Architecture and urban planning in southern Russia. History. Traditions. Modern trends. Rostov-on-Don: Rostov State Construction Universi-ty. (In Russian)

Lepekhin, I.I. (1821). Notes of the travel of the academician Ivan Lepekhin. St. Peters-burg: Imperial Academy Sciences. (In Russian)

Lesur, Ch.-L. (1814). The history of Cossacks. Paris. (In French)

Matveyev, O.V. (2006). Historical picture of the world of the Cuban Cossacks: social aspects of military mentality. In Cossacks of Russia: past and present: A collec-tion of scientific articles. Vol. 1. (pp. 396-411) Rostov-on-Don. (In Russian)

Milkov, F.N. & Rychkov P.I. (1953). Life and geographical work. Moscow: Gos. Ed. geographical literature. (In Russian)

Prokhorov, M.F. (1995). Peasant colonization of The Orenburg region in the middle of the 18th century. Russia and the East: problems of interaction. Part II. Chelya-binsk: URSU. (In Russian)

Shchenkov, A.S. (1995). Problems of historical value of monuments in Russian restora-tion 1890 – 1910. In Restoration and architectural archaeology. V.2 (pp. 29-37). Moscow.

Starikov, F.M. (1891). Historical and statistical essay of Orenburg Cossack troops. Orenburg: Breslin Printing. (In Russian)

State Archives of Orenburg Region (GAOO), F. 11, Op. 9, D. 71. The case of the mosque.

State Archives of Orenburg Region (GAOO), F. 11, Op. 9a, D. 291, l. 11. The case of the mosque. №1.

State Archives of Orenburg Region (GAOO), F. 11, Op. 9a, D. 591, l. 96. The case of the construction of the Mias factory mosque in Troitsky County.

State Archives of Orenburg Region (GAOO), F. 41, Op. 1, D. 592. The case of the construction of the Caravan-Sarai Mosque.

Sulimenko, S.D. (1997). Towers of the North Caucasus (symbolization of space in the house-building work of the Highlanders). Vladikavkaz: Project-Press. (In Rus-sian)

Velikaya, N.N. (2001). The Cossacks of the Eastern Ciscaucasia in 18th–19th Centuries, Rostov-on-Don. (In Russian)

Venkov, A.V. (2016). Vyoshenskoye Uprising. Moscow: Veche. (In Russian)

Vitevskiy, V.N. (1878). The Split in the Ural Army and the Attitude of Spiritual and Civil-Military Authorities in the 18th and 19th Centuries. Kazan. Imperial Uni-versity Printing House. (In Russian)

Yesaulov, G.V. (1995). Synchronic and iconological approach as the basis of personal mastery of creative traditions in architecture. In Architecture of the world, (4) (pp. 128 -145). Moscow: The All-Union Research Institute for Architecture and Urban Development. (In Russian)

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.