The Social Position of Women in Cities in the USA During the 1960s-1980s
pdf

Keywords

Feminism
women’s spaces
city
suburbs
USA
shelter
racism
sexism
women rights
civil rights

How to Cite

1. Koroleva V. The Social Position of Women in Cities in the USA During the 1960s-1980s // Journal of Frontier Studies. 2020. № 1 (5). C. 40-53.

Abstract

The article is dedicated to the problem of the position of women in cities and to creation and formation of “women’s spaces” in the United States in 1960-1980.

Following the development of the second wave of feminism, we focused the attention not only on the movement for civil rights itself but also on the activities of organizations and women who were trying to improve the living conditions of female citizens.

Prisoners in their homes, women have always been associated more with the suburbs than with the cities themselves. They were never seen as citizens, but rather as rare guests in this urban space.

In order to make cities more women-friendly, feminists began to create exclusive women’s spaces that would help women not only get out from their house-arrest but also solve difficult life situations. Shelters, women’s health centers, women’s libraries, book clubs and kindergartens – all of these new spaces helped an American woman move out of the alienation spaces of their houses and gain new opportunities for self-development.

https://doi.org/10.46539/jfs.2020.1.4053
pdf

References

Dobratz, B. A. & Shanks-Meile, S. L. (2000). The White Separatist Movement in the United States: "White Power, White Pride!". Baltimore, MD: JHU Press

Enke, A. (2007). Finding the Movement: Sexuality, Contested Space, and Feminist Activism. Durham: Duke University Press

Evans, J. (1995). Feminist theory today: An introduction to second-wave feminism. London; Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications.

Jarrell, R. H. (1992). Native American women and forced sterilization, 1973-1976. Caduceus: a museum quarterly for the health sciences, 8(3), p. 45–58.

Lawrence, J. (2000). The Indian Health Service and the sterilization of Native American women. American Indian quarterly, 24(3), pp. 400-419.

Mclaughlin, K. (2014). 5 things women couldn't do in the 1960s. CNN.com CNN. Retrieved from: http://edition.cnn.com/2014/08/07/living/sixties-women-5-things/

McWhorter, L. (2009). Racism and sexual oppression in Anglo-America: A genealogy. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Nicholson, L. (1996). The second wave: A reader in feminist theory. New York: Routledge.

Spain, D. (1992). Gendered spaces. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Spain, D. (2011). Women's Rights and Gendered Spaces in 1970s Boston. Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies, 32(1), pp. 152-178.

Spain, D. (2016). Constructive feminism: Women's spaces and women's rights in the American city. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Torpy, S. (2000). Native American Women and Coerced Sterilization: On the Trail of Tears in the 1970s. American Indian Culture and Research Journal, 24(2), pp. 1-22.

Weissbrodt, S. R. (1946). Women Workers in Ten War Production Areas and Their Postwar Employment Plans. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. (U.S. Women's Bureau. Bulletin, 209).

Williams, D. & Greenhaw, W. (2005). The Thunder of Angels: The Montgomery Bus Boycott and the People who Broke the Back of Jim Crow. Chicago Review Press.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.