The Image of Ivan the Terrible in post-Soviet Tatarstan: Elitist Version and Mass Representations
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Elite Tatarstan national history nationalism mass representations historical politics ideology Ivan the Terrible

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1. Карбаинов Н. The Image of Ivan the Terrible in post-Soviet Tatarstan: Elitist Version and Mass Representations // Journal of Frontier Studies. 2019. № 4.2. C. 363-389.


The negative image of Ivan the Terrible is part of the national history created by the political and intellectual elites of post-Soviet Tatarstan. The historical fault o Ivan the Terrible from point of view of the elites is that he captured Kazan in 1552, which led to the loss of Tatar statehood, the decline of culture and economy, the persecution of Islam and violent Christianization. The results of our sociological research show that despite all efforts of the Tatar elite, a significant part of the ordinary inhabitants of Tatarstan, including the Tatars, positively evaluate the activities of Ivan the Terrible, not only in history of Russia, but also in the history of Tatarstan. Tatar elites have achieved very modest successes in promoting their version of national history. According to the results of our research, we can only talk about «partial Tatarization» or the formation of «national archipelagos».
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